A look at New Jersey’s history
The name New Jersey goes back to the largest British Channel Island Jersey. The English were not the first immigrants from the “old world”. The first Europeans to set foot in New Jersey were Dutch and Swedes. In 1609 the Dutch founded the first colony called Neuniederland on the territory of today’s New York. Since the British Empire was a world power from the 17th to the 18th century and also an unbeatable naval power, the British brought this part of the later USA under their control in 1664 and founded a colony there. But soon the American War of Independence gained momentum, because the emigrants in the “New World” no longer wanted to be dictated by the English motherland how they had to live.
In today’s New Jersey about one hundred decisive battles were fought, including in Trenton, Princeton and Monmouth in 1776, 1777 and 1778. The first New Jersey Constitution was passed in 1776. All residents who had a certain level of ownership were allowed to have a say in the state’s policies. White and black men were allowed to vote and widows, married women, on the other hand, were not allowed to vote because they were not allowed to own property. The merited general and later US president George Washington was able to make a decisive contribution to America’s independence on April 26, 1776, when he captured about one thousand Hessians that day. Hessians were soldiers sent from the German states under the dominance of the Holy Roman Empire. These Hessians had been sent to America by the English Crown to make their contribution in the struggle against the pursuit of independence. Soon New Jersey developed positively, population density increased significantly and numerous factories were built in the cities of Trenton and Peterson, contributing to the development of the Industrial Revolution.
New Jersey is one of the 13 original states that joined the American Union as the 3rd state in 1778. In 1804, New Jersey was the last northern state to abolish slavery. The American Civil War of 1861-1865 largely bypassed this state in the Central Atlantic. Although agriculture is highly developed, it does not play a major role in coastal areas due to unfavorable soil conditions. After the end of the Civil War, the Industrial Revolution gained a foothold in the Garden State. The up-and-coming neighboring metropolises of New York City and Philadelphia had a positive impact on New Jersey’s development. Inventors like Thomas Edison worked in the community of Menlo Park in Orange Country.
Atlantic City is located approximately 200 kilometers south of New York. Once the city had a great importance as a seaside resort, but it declined from 1978. In order to maintain its importance for tourism, the state of New Jersey allowed gambling. Since then, Atlantik City has been as important as Las Vegas as a gambling paradise. If you don’t like visiting the numerous casinos, you can stroll along the Broadwalk in the city centre and take a ride with the Broadwalk Buggys and visit the museums and city parks. The Atlantik City Convention Hall houses the largest organ in the world.
Besides the airport, Newark has a lot more to offer. This is where holidaymakers get their money’s worth, who also attach importance to improving their general education during their holidays. Many original museums, an excellent zoo and a planetarium are not only fun for adults. The main museum consists of 80 galleries with exhibits from all walks of life, many of which are dedicated to science and art. If you dare, you can do a few laps on skids in the Eisarena Prudential Center.
The picturesque university town scores with many green spaces and historic houses. Next to the university of the same name, the Einstein House is worth a visit. Numerous exhibits and documents convey interesting knowledge about the world-famous scientist and inventor of the theory of relativity.
Interstate Landscape Park
Hotels in the middle of a nature park? That’s not really possible. New Jersey is an exception and has managed to combine nature and tourism in such a way that both areas do not interfere with each other. In the middle of the beautiful nature park there are some sports centres and noble hotels that fit perfectly into the landscape.
Pinelands National Park
This park is ideal for active holidaymakers, as it has a number of walking routes that offer a magnificent view of the countryside. Although New Jersey is relatively small in area, it is home to numerous parks of varying sizes.
Coast and Beaches
Without mentioning the fine beaches washed by the Atlantic Ocean on the picturesque coast, a guide to New Jersey would be incomplete. Most beaches are designed for families, so not only do they offer a wide range of sports, but they also offer fun and entertainment for children. New Jersey is known for its exclusive hotels and resorts. Many of them are close to the beach. A popular beach resort is Ocean City with the resort of the same name. Other popular resorts are Cape May and Seaside Hights. One of the largest beaches is Island Beach State Park.
On the beaches and in the nearby nature reserves, families will find everything they need for a great holiday. The Garden State offers itself as a year-round destination, as everything is possible from a beach holiday in summer to a casino adventure in Atlantic City to a winter holiday in Capgaw Mountain. Active outdoor fans also don’t miss out. Paragliding, hiking, water sports, golf and horse riding are just a few of the many ways to keep fit on holiday.